Basic Insights on Swollen, Sore and Bleeding Gums

dental chair

We mostly associate dental health with preventing the occurrence of cavities within the teeth. However, the gums are equally important. Your gums are a fundamental pillar of your dental health and overall well-being. In several cases, bleeding and swollen gums are an indication of gum diseases. Nevertheless, several things can also bring about gum related problems.

Whatever the condition, whether painful gums or a sore tooth, detailed are a few steps that provide insights on the best way to treat pain within the mouth.

Your Brushing Technique

In your aspiration to maintain cleanliness in the teeth, there arises an urge to brush vigorously. Your gums comprise of delicate tissue which might be damaged if you brush in the wrong direction. When picking a toothbrush, only go for those with soft nylon bristles.

If misused, they might bring about damage to your tooth enamel or result in red swollen gums. When brushing, only use gentle circular motions that massage the gums and clean the teeth. Avoid the back and forth motion that can result in sores that bleed or recede.

brush and paste

Gums and Flossing Techniques

We are well aware of the significance of flossing daily in removing plaque in areas where your toothbrush is unable to reach. To ensure this does not result in bleeding or swollen gums, exercise gentleness with the floss. Do not force your way on the floss stuck in between your teeth, instead carefully slide the brush in an up-down motion following each tooth curve.

Gum-Related Diseases

It is estimated that a majority of adults over the age of 35 have periodontal disease. Most people have the less severe form known as gingivitis. The serious type is referred to as periodontitis. If you do not practice proper dental hygiene, bacteria will accumulate in the mouth forming plaque. This bacteria bring about inflammation of the gums resulting in red, bleeding or swollen gums.

For most people, this inflammation of gingivitis is painless. If you get it early, its harmful effects can be reversed and healed as long as you practice healthy oral hygiene. If left unchecked, gingivitis can worsen and cost you a tooth. Do not hesitate to seek medical attention if any of these symptoms present themselves. Changes in your dental set structure, pockets in between your teeth and gums, bleeding gums during brushing, shifting loose teeth, receding gums, bad breath, or swollen red tender gums.


If gingivitis is left to progress, a condition known as periodontitis arises. This condition experienced in your teeth and gums weaken how your teeth are held in place. The bacteria therein releases toxic substances which are harmful to your gums arising in infection.

The inflammation and infection arise from the bacterial attack on your body degrading the bone and gums within the jaw. Those with painful swollen gums will experience bleeding. If untreated, they will encounter periodontists resulting in loss of teeth.

mother and child brushing teeth


To maintain good oral hygiene brush your teeth twice daily at the least. Learn the right brushing techniques and accompany this by flossing daily. An antiseptic mouthwash is great when washing your mouth.